Terms and conditions of participation
National health authorities regulating the production of medicines have ruled that urine from some women is not suitable for making medicines. The conditions will be discussed with you during a screening interview to decide whether or not your urine will meet the demands set by these health authorities. Moeders voor Moeders has, or has had, no influence on the nature of these conditions.
You will not be able to donate your urine to Moeders
voor Moeders in any of the following situations:
- If you have
- If you are
- If you spent at least 6 months in the
United Kingdom (England, Wales, Northern Ireland, Scotland), the Isle of Man or
the Channel Islands between 1980 and 1996.
- If you have ever had a blood transfusion
- If anyone in your family has, or has had,
- If you have ever been treated with growth
- If you currently have nephritis
(inflammation of the kidneys) and/or chronic nephritis
- If you have ever had a corneal transplant
- If you have ever had a meningeal
transplant (dura mater graft)
Background to these exclusion criteria
Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver. Inflammation of the liver may have
various causes, including a virus. The most common forms of a viral liver
infection are hepatitis A, B and C. Viral hepatitis is contagious. Hepatitis A
and B often lead to acute liver inflammation. Hepatitis C is the most common
viral liver infection and can be present in the body for years without causing
symptoms. This type leads to chronic hepatitis. The health authorities have
ruled that if you have hepatitis, your urine will not be suitable for use in producing
HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)
HIV is a virus that weakens the human body’s natural
protection against germs (the immune system). HIV infection can eventually lead
to AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). If someone is HIV-positive, it
does not necessarily mean that this person has AIDS. HIV is contagious. In
order to exclude all risks, the health authorities have ruled that if you are
HIV-positive, your urine will not be suitable for use in producing medicines.
During a blood transfusion, blood from a blood donor
is transferred into the bloodstream of a patient who needs this blood. There
are different types of blood transfusion, including total blood transfusions
(containing red and white blood cells, platelets as well as blood plasma) and
transfusion of blood components: plasma (the liquid component of blood),
platelets, red blood cells, white blood cells or coagulation factors. The
health authorities have ruled that if you have undergone any of the
abovementioned types of blood transfusion your urine will not be suitable for
use in producing medicines.
An exception to this is an “autotransfusion”. In this
your own blood is collected and given to you again later on. Therefore, if you
have ever undergone such an autotransfusion, you can still take part in the
Moeders voor Moeders program.
Extended stay in the UK between 1980 and 1996
The health authorities have ruled that persons having
spent at least 6 months in the United Kingdom, the Isle of Man or the Channel
Islands between 1980 and 1996 are not eligible for collection of urine because
mad cow disease (bovine spongiform encephalopathy or BSE) as well as
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) were quite common in this region during this
period. In order to exclude all risks, the health authorities have ruled that
your urine may then not be used for producing medicines.
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) belongs to the
category of spongiform brain disorders. Besides the classical form, the variant
form of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD) was described for the first time in
the UK in 1996: atypical cases of CJD in relatively young patients, with a
specific clinical picture and a relatively long period of illness. This form of
CJD was quickly linked to BSE. The risk of infection is not the same for all
types of body tissue or fluids. The risk of infection is high upon direct or
indirect contact with the dura mater (the thick outer membrane of the brain,
meninges), the brain, pituitary gland, inner eye or spinal cord. Infection due
to medical procedures is rare, but can, for example, occur if you have been
given human growth hormone. The health authorities have ruled that the urine of
people who have/have had an increased risk of contracting Creutzfeldt-Jakob
disease may not be used for producing medicines.
In the 1970s, a shortage of growth hormone was treated
by administration of human growth hormone. This growth hormone was extracted
from the pituitary gland of deceased people. It was given by injection. This
form of treatment was discontinued in the mid-1980s after a number of patients
had died from Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease because the hormone they received was
infected with it. The use of human growth hormone can therefore potentially
lead to infection with CJD. Nowadays, growth hormone is produced by means of
DNA technology/biotechnology. People do not always know for sure, however,
whether they were treated with a human or a synthetic growth hormone. For
safety’s sake it has been decided to exclude anyone who has ever been treated
with growth hormones, regardless of the source of the hormones.
Inflammation of the kidneys
Inflammation of the kidneys (nephritis) is the
collective name for diseases of the kidneys that resemble inflammations.
Various forms of nephritis exist. Nephritis causes the kidneys to stop working
properly. Nephritis can be caused by a bacterial infection. The health
authorities have ruled that if you have a kidney inflammation, your urine will
not be suitable for use in producing medicines.
The cornea is the front part of the eye. This
transparent film allows light to enter the eye. A cornea that has become cloudy
due to damage or a disease impairs the entry of light. If the cornea has become
permanently cloudy, clear sight can be recovered only by replacing the cloudy
cornea. This takes place by means of a transplant. The new cornea comes from a
donor. Because eye tissue carries an increased risk of contamination with CJD,
the health authorities have ruled that your urine may not be collected for use
in producing medicines.
In a meningeal transplant you receive a meninges graft
from a donor. Because meningeal material carries an increased risk of
contamination with CJD, the health authorities have ruled that your urine may
not be collected for use in producing medicines.
Should you still have any questions after having read
through this information, do not hesitate to call the Moeders voor Moeders
infoline toll-free at 0800-0228070.